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【光明日报】教师减负要做到“三回归”
2019-04-02 作者: 王明娣 王鉴    (点击: )

【思想汇】

jiaoshijianfushiyaobashijianhejinglihaijijiaoshi,rangtamenjingxiaxinlaiyanjiujiaoxue、beikechongdian、tigaozhuanyehuashuiping。tigaojiaoshizhuanyehuashuipingshiguojia、difang、xuexiaojijiaoshigerendengduozhutigongtongnulituijindechixude、xitongdeguocheng,youqishijiaoshilaiyifazhandexuexiaoyijijiaoshizishenyaorenshidaojiaoshijianfudeshizhi,congxuexiaoguanli、jiaoshizhuanyedaojiaoshijiaoxueyanjiuzuodaosanhuigui。

学校管理本质回归到“人本化”

幸运农场jiaoshijianfudediyigehuiguishixuexiaoguanlibenzhidehuigui,xuexiaoshijiaoshizhuanyechengzhangyufazhandegenjudi,xuexiaodeguanlizhiduxingyunnongchangduijiaoshidefazhanjuyoushenyuandeyingxiang,xuexiaochuleguanchehezhixingguojiahedifanggexiangguizhangzhiduyiwai,haiyaozhidingxuexiaocengmiandexiangguanzhiduguifanlaibaozhangjiaoshidezhuanyefazhan。xianxingdexuexiaoguanlizhidushoudaoguizezhuyiyuguanlizhuyideyingxiang,jiadalejiaoshidefudan,gezhongtianbiao、kaoping、bisai、pinggu,gezhongyujiaoyujiaoxuekeyanwuguandeshehuixingshiwu,hushilejiaoshidebenzhigongzuohezhuanyetezhi,zengjialejiaoshidefudan。yinci,xuexiaoyingbaituoxingzhenghuadeguanlizhidu,zaijianshouhezhixingguojiacengmiandejiaoshizhuanyefazhanbiaozhundetongshi,zaixuexiaocengmianshuliyirenweibendeguanliguan。

jutieryan,yifangmian,jianlibaozhangjiaoshizhuanyefazhandeguanlizhidu,fahuixuexiaocengmiandefeizhengshizhidudejijiyingxiang,shixuexiaodexingweizhunze、lunliguifan、fengsuguanlidengfangmianshentoudaomeigejiaoshideqingganxingweidangzhong,xingchengzhuanyehuazilvxingge,peiyangzhuanyefazhandegonggongshiming,baozhangjiaoshizhuanyezizhufazhandequanli。lingyifangmian,jianlijiaoshizhuanyegongtongtidewenhuazhidu,jiaoshidezhuanyechengzhangxuyaojiaoshitongliaodehezuoyuzhichi,lianghaodewenhuazhiduyouzhuyudapojiaoshigulifazhandezhuangtai,xingchengjiaoshiheli,weijiaoshizhuanyefazhanchuangzaoyoulidewenhuafenweiyutiaojian。

教师专业本质回归到“教学实践者”

jiaoshijianfudediergehuiguishijiaoshizhuanyebenzhidehuigui,weijiaoshijianfushizeshishijiaoshiyougengduodejingliheshijianqujinxingjiaoshizhuanyehuatishengyufazhan,neime,jiaoshizhuanyehuafazhanbingbushizhidudeguiyue,yebushishijiaoshichengweijishushulianzhe,ershijiaoshirenshidaojiaosezhuanhuandezhongyaoxing,zaishijiandangzhongzhuanbianjiaose,shiyingshidaidebianhuayuxueshengfazhandexuqiu。chuantongdejiaoshijiaoseshi“jiaoxuebiaozhunhuazhe”,zaizhiqianjieshoubiaozhunhuadezhishiyujinengdexunlian,zaizhihouchengweibiaozhunhuazhishiyujinengdechuanshouzhe,jinerrenweixueshengzhishiyujinengdehuodeshizuizhuyaodemubiao。zaijiaoxueguochengzhong,jinxingbiaozhunhuahetongbuhuadejiaoxue,bingqieyitongyangdebiaozhun,jifenshupingjiaxuesheng,erhushilexueshengdeqingganyuxuqiu、dongjiyuxingqu、gexingyuzhuanzhang。yiner,jiaoshiyaozhuanbianjiaose,huiguidao“jiaoxueshijianzhe”,guanzhujiaoshizaishijianqingjingzhongxingchengdebingqizuoyongdejiaoshishijianxingzhishiyushijianxingsikaofangshiyijijiaohuixueshengzaishijianzhongdexuexiyusikao,tishengjiaoshidezhuanyefazhan。

jutieryan,shouxian,jiaoshiyaofengfuzijide“shijianxingzhishi”,youyujiaoshizaishijianzhongsuomianduideshitedingxueshengderenzhi、tedingdejiaocaineirong、tedingdeketangyujingyijitedingdezishenjinglideng,zheixietedingxingchanminglejiaoxuedeshencengxing、fuzaxinghefengfuxing,xuyaojiaoshidongchaqingjingsuoyunhandeduoyangkenengxing,zhizaishijianxingwentidejiejue。qici,jiaoshiyaotilianzijide“shijianxingsikaofangshi”,baokuoduishijianguochengdejishixingsikaohefansixingsikao,jishixingsikaojiushiyaobaochiduiyutufaxingshijiandeminruidu,shiduijiaoxueguochengdeshunjiancanyuxingdong,shijiaoshijiaoxuezhihuidezhangxian;fansixingsikaoshiduijishixingsikaodebuchong,yinweijishixingsikaozuoweishunjianxingxingdongyoukenengshibuqiadangde,xuyaofansixingsikaobuduanduizijidejiaoyujuecejinxingfansi,jiangshijianxingwentirongruqiduoyuanhuadeqingjingheyumaizhong,yiquanmiankaoliang、jiangouzijidefansixingsikao,dadaojiaoxueguochengdezuiyouhua。zuihou,jiaohuixueshengzaishijianzhongxuexi,jiaoshitongguoyunyongshijianxingzhishiheshijiansikaofangshi,qizhuyaomudeshijiangjiaoshidejiaoxueshijianguanhuiguidaoxueshengdexuexishijianguan,jiaohuixueshengxuexi,bingjiangsuoxuedezhishiyunyongyushijian,zaishijianxuexizhongxingchengpipanyishiyuchuangxinsiwei。

教师教学研究本质回归到“实践理论化”

幸运农场jiaoshijianfudedisangehuiguishijiaoshijiaoxueyanjiubenzhidehuigui,jiaoxueshijiaoshidebenzhigongzuo,jiaoshizaizhuanxinzuojiaoxuedetongshi,yaonulitishengzijidejiaoxueyanjiunengli,jiaoxueyanjiudemudezaiyugaijinjiaoxue,qineirongzaiyushijianxingwentidejiejue,congercujinjiaoshijiaoxueshuipingdetisheng。yiwangdejiaoxueyanjiufanshishililunjierushijiande“lilunshijianhua”jiaoxueyanjiu,jiaoxueyanjiudezhutishililunyanjiuzhejinruxuexiaoyuketang,shenzhiweijinruxuexiaoyuketang,duiyuyixianjiaoshidejiaoxueguochengjiyulilunyinlinghezhidao,duijiaoxueshijianwentijinxinglilungaikuoyuchouxiang,quefayidingdeshijianqingjingxing,nanyijiejueshijiwenti,xingchenglilunyushijian“liangzhangpi”dexianzhuang,guoduolilundejieru,fanershijiaoshijiaoxuehundun,jiazhonglejiaoshidefudan。

jiaoxueyanjiuzhizaijiejuejiaoxueguochengzhongdeshijianwenti,qiyanjiufanshiyingshishijianshengfalilundejiaoxueyanjiu,shizhishi“shijianxing”jiaoxueyanjiu。jiaoxueyanjiudezhutiyinggaishijiaoshi,jiaoshiyingyizishendeshijianxingzhishiweizhouxin,duiyushijiandangzhongdewentijinxingzhagenyanjiu、xingdongyanjiu、anliyanjiuyijiweixingxushiyanjiudeng,jiegouxingdizhuanhuajiaoshizhuanyehuadeguocheng。zheiyiguochengzhongxuyaolilunyanjiuzhezuoweizixunzhe,zaiyiyouyanjiudejichushangxiangyixianjiaoshixuexi、jileishijianxingjingyan,kaituoshijianxingyanjiu,yuyixianjiaoshitonglihezuogongtongjiejuejiaoxueshijianzhongdejutiwenti,bingjiyushijianbeijingzhongxinjiedulilungainianyuyuanli,fengfuyuchuangzaolilunyanjiudetixi。dangran,shijiaoxueyanjiuyou“lilunshijianhua”dao“shijianlilunhua”dehuiguiguochengduijiaoshiyulilunyanjiuzhelaishuoshidangqianmianlindezuidakunnan,shangqieyouhenzhangdeyiduanluyaozou,gengxuyaojiaoshiyujiaoyulilunyanjiuzheduijiaoyudedaaidadedaqinghuai。

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