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中国教育报: 人工智能教育: 幸运农场的责任与使命
2019-05-26 熊璋 李锋    (点击: )

jinrizaibeijingzhaokaideguojirengongzhinengyujiaoyudahuiyinqilequanqiudezhumu。rengongzhinengqudongzhexinyilunkejigeming、chanyebiangeheshehuijinbu,rengongzhinengmeitiandouzaigaibianzherenmendexuexifangshi、shengchanfangshiheshenghuofangshi,neizhongpumianerlaiheqianyimohua,duixingyunnongchangshijiyuyeshitiaozhan,tuijinrengongzhinengjiaoyushizerengengshishiming。xinxihuabanjintiankanfaciwen,yizaihuanqiduzhemianduikejigeming、chanyebiangeheshenghuofangshigaibianshidecongronggan、xingfugan、weijiganheshiminggan。——bianzhe

renshirengongzhinengduijiaoyudeshenkeyingxiang,jijituidongrengongzhinenghejiaoyuronghe,birangexinjiaoyushouduanhejiaoyufangfa,jinercuishengquanxindejiaoyulinianhejiaoyumoshi。rengongzhinengshixinxishehuiyigezhongyaodeweidu,zaiqiangdiaojiaoyudelideshuren、jiaqiangxinxisuyangjiaoyudejintian,rengongzhinengjiaoyubukehuoque。rengongzhinengjiaoyudejiankangzhankaiguanxidaomeiyigerendepingdengdejiaoyu、shihedejiaoyu、zhongshendejiaoyu;guanxidaotamenweilaidejingzhengliheguojiaderencaizhanlve。

国际人工智能教育的特征

rengongzhinengdeyingyongyijingqudaiyixieyuanlaiyourengongwanchengderenwu,zheizhongzidonghuazhinenghuajidadijiefangleshengchanli,tongshiyinfarenmenduishiqugongzuogangweidedanyou,danshixingyunnongchanghuifaxian,yixiexindegongzuogangweicengchubuqiong,zhibuguoxindegangweiyougenggaodesuzhiyaoqiu,zheishizhongsujiaoyudedongli。

幸运农场weitigaoshehuigongmindeshuzihuashengrenli,zengqiangguojiajingzhengli,yixieguojia(huojiaoyuzuzhi)zai“rengongzhineng+”dedabeijingxia,kaishiyoujihua、youzuzhidituijin“zhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengjiaoyu”。

幸运农场bushaofadaguojiayedouanzhaozhinengshehuirencaidexuqiutezheng,diaozhengzhongxiaoxuejiaoyuneirong,jiaqiangxueshengduirengongzhinengdexuexi。fenxiguojirengongzhinengjiaoyudefazhan,zhuyaobiaoxianchuruxiatezheng:

幸运农场yinruzhinenggongju,jiaqiangzhinengxuexihuanjingxingyunnongchang。weigenghaodibangzhuxueshengshiyingzhinenghuaxuexihuanjing,jiaoyufadaguojiajiadaduizhinenghuajiaoyuhuanjingdexingyunnongchang,yizhinenghuacujinxueshenggexinghuaxuexi。liru,zhinengdaoshixitongtongguoshiyingxingjiaoyucelvexuanzehegexinghuaziyuantuijiansuanfaweixueshengtigonggexinghuaxuexizhidao;zidonghuacepingxitongbansuixueshengxuexiguocheng,dongtaifenxixueshengxuexixingwei,jiyushishizhenduan、fenxihefankui,tigaoxuexizhiliang。

guihuazhishitixi,mingquerengongzhinengxuexineirong。kaizhanrengongzhinengjiaoyuxuyaozhuanyeyinling,weimingquerengongzhinengjiaoyuyuzaoqideictjiaoyudebutong,lianheguojiaokewenzuzhiqiangdiaodingyifuhezhinengshehuifazhande“rengongzhinengnengli”; “k-12rengongzhinengjiaoyulianheyanjiugongzuoxiaozu”tichuleshihezhongxiaoxueshengxuexide“chuanganqi、zhinengdaili、jiqixuexi、renjijiaohu、lunliyudaode”denghexindagainian,yicimingquerengongzhinengdexuexikuangjia。

kaifarengongzhinengkecheng,quelikecaozuoxingdexuexilujing。rengongzhinengjiaoyushiyigeyoujihua、youzuzhideshishiguocheng,weitigaorengongzhinengjiaoyudekexuexingyukecaozuoxing,yixiejiaoyujigouzhenduizhongxiaoxueshengtezhengkaifashiheyutamenxuexidekechengneirong。

zhuzhonglunlidaodejiaoyu,yangchengrengongzhinengyingyongdehaoxiguan。jinri,oumengweiyuanhuirenmingderengongzhinenggaojizhuanjiaxiaozufabulerengongzhinengkaifaheshiyongdelunlicaoan,tichukexinlairengongzhineng,bingjidingleliangdatiaojianjijinzhiguize。liangdatiaojian: yishizunzhongjibenquanli,zunzhongfalvfagui、hexinyuanzehejiazhiguan,yiquebao“lunlimude”;ershijianjujishuwendingxinghekekaoxing,rengongzhinengjishubixuzugouwenjian,nenggouduikangqiangdagongji,you“yingjijihua”。jinzhiguizeshi: bunengshanghairenlei,budezhengfuhuoqiangporenlei,budeyouqishihuowumiexingwei,yizuizhongxingyunnongchangzhenggerenleiweizhunze。

人工智能教育的落差和误区

幸运农场2018nianjiaoyubuxiudingde《putonggaozhongxinxijishukechengbiaozhun(2017nianban)》jiangrengongzhinengzuoweigaozhongshengbixiuneirongnaruxuexiaokechengzhong,yaoqiuxuesheng“zaifenxirengongzhinengdianxinganlideguochengzhong,lejiezhinengxinxichulidejudajinbuheyingyongqianli,renshirengongzhinengzaixinxishehuizhongdezhongyaozuoyong”。kechengbiaozhundeshishijinyibutuidonglerengongzhinengzaixuexiaozhongdekaizhan,weisuoyougaozhongshengxuexirengongzhinengchuangzaolejihui。

幸运农场dangran,congguojiakechengbiaozhundaoxuexiaojiaoxueshishi,zonghuichuxianzheiyanghuoneiyangde“luocha”,shenzhihaihuichuxianrengongzhinengxuexishangde“wuqu”。congxianzhuangdiaoyanlaikan,muqianzaiwoguozhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengdejiaoyuzhong,youjiangdaxuerengongzhinengzhuanyexingzhishijiandanxiafang,kechengneirongyuzhongxiaoxuejiaoyujiaoxueyaoqiutuojie,zengjiaqingshaonianxuexifudandewenti;yourengongzhinengkechengziyuanxingyunnongchangjianguanbuzu,yingxiangzhongxiaoxuekechengshishidejiaoxuezhixu,zengjiajiaoshijiaoxuegongzuoliangdewenti;yeyourengongzhinengjiaoyudeshishiqueshaokexueyouxiaozhidao,guoduoshangyexingneirongshentoudaoxuexiaokechengneirongzhong,yingxiangjiaoyuzhiliangdewenti。

幸运农场daozhizheixiewentidechuxian,wuwaihuyousanzhongyuanyin。qiyi,rengongzhinengshiyimenxinxingxueke,qibenshenjiuyizhizaifazhanhewanshanzhong,jiuneironglaikanbaokuolejiqixuexi、zhishitupu、ziranyuyanchuli、jisuanjishijue、renjijiaohu、shengwutezhengshibie、xunixianshi/zengqiangxianshidengguanjianjishu。youyuqueshaoduizhongxiaoxueshengsuoyaoxuexiderengongzhinengzhishixitonghuadeshuli,zheiyerongyidaozhidaxueneirongjiandanxiafangdewenti。qier,rengongzhinengduishehuiheweilaidechongji,jiajulexuexiaoduirengongzhinengkechengkaishedepoqieyuanwang,danshiqueshaoduirengongzhinengjiaoxuejingyanheyouzhiziyuandetansuoyujilei,shizibuzu、mangmukaike,yerongyiraoluanxuexiaozhengchangjiaoxuezhixu。qisan,shizibendetuidonghexiangguanpeixunjigoudekuadaxuanchuan。zhulideshehuipeixunjigoujiadaleduirengongzhinengxuexidewudao,tamenbuxiguchui“buxuerengongzhinengjianghuibeishehuitaotai”delundiao,yicichaozuofangshikaizhanrengongzhinengjiaoyu,bujinbunengtuidongduirengongzhinengdexuexi,shenzhihaihuiyingxiangxueshengdexuexixingqu。

幸运农场有中国特色的人工智能教育

幸运农场zhenduidangqianwoguorengongzhinengjiaoyuzhongdewentihefazhanxuyao,xingyunnongchangbixumiqieguanzhuyixiajidian:

rongyuxinxisuyang,tixianrengongzhineng。yijuxueshengrenshifazhantezheng,jianlirengongzhinengneirongtixi,mingquexueshenme。jianchilideshurendegenbenmubiao,yisuzhijiaoyuweiqianti,zaijiaoyubukechengbiaozhundezhidaoxia,jiedingcongxiaoxuedaogaozhongbutongxueduanrengongzhinengdekechengmubiao,mingquebutongxueduanxueshengyingzhi、yinghuiheyingfazhandexuexijieguo。jianlibutongxueduandezhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengzhishijiegoutixi,jiaqiangbutongxueduanrengongzhinengxuexineirongdexianjie。

anzhaohexinsuyangfazhanyaoqiu,shejixiangmuxuexifangshi,mingquezenmexue。jiaqiangkuaxuekexuexixiangmuheziyuanxingyunnongchangfangfayucelvedeshishi,tongguosteamhuochuangkefangshiluoshirengongzhinengxiangmu,changdao“chuangzhongxue”delinian,zaihuodongzhongshixianxuesheng“dongshou、dongnao、dongxin”dejiehe,tuchu“rengongzhineng+”dejiaoyutese,bimian“weixuerengongzhinengerxuerengongzhineng”。

kaizhanjiaoshipeixun,tigaoxuekejiaoshidezhuanyejiaoxuenengli。youxiudexueshengxuyaoyouxiudejiaoshilaipeiyang。shishishang,duiyudangqianhenduoxuekejiaoshilaishuo,rengongzhinengdezhishineirongyeshiquanxindeneirong。weilegenghaodiluoshirengongzhinengjiaoyu,guojiajiaoyuguanlibumenyaogulixingyunnongchanghehezuo,yaojijifaxian、souji、xuanchuanhetuijiehaodezhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengjiaoxuefangshi、jiaoxuesheji、kechenganpai,zhengliyouxiudejiaoxueanlihejiaoxueziyuan,weibutongxueduanrengongzhinengjiaoyudekaizhantigonganlizhichi,rangyixianjiaoshiyouzhuashou。

shishirengongzhinengjiaocaideyanfaheshenchajizhi。rengongzhinengjiaocaishizhongxiaoxueshengkaizhanxinxijishuxuexidejibenzaiti,tazhijieyingxiangxinxikejikechengdeshishichengxiao。yijuzhongxiaoxueshengdexuexitezhengherengongzhinengdexueketezheng,mingquezhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengjiaocaizhongdezhishijiegoutixi,dajianzhongxiaoxuerengongzhinengxuexineirongdekuangjia,zaijiaocaiyanfaheshiyongguochengzhong,jiaoyuzhuguanbumenyaojiadaduixinxijishujiaocaideshenchalidu,fengfushenchashouduanrujianliwangluoshenchajizhideng。

jiaqiangduishehuijigoukaizhanxinxijishujiaoyudejiandu。congneirongyufangfalaikan,rengongzhinengjiaoyushizhuanyelingyudejiaoyu,xuyaozhuanyejiaoshiheyouzizhidejigou。yinci,jiaoyuzhuguanbumenyaojinkuaijianliqishehuijigoukaizhanrengongzhinengjiaoyudezhunrujizhi,jiaqiangjiaoyuzhiliangjianguanyupinggu,guifanshehuijigoukaizhanrengongzhinengjiaoyudeneirong、fangfayushouduan。

幸运农场(zuozhefenbieweibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuejiaoshouhehuadongshifandaxuekaifangjiaoyuxingyunnongchangfujiaoshou)

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