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光明日报: 将思想政治工作贯通于高水平人才培养体系
2019-06-28 李家俊    (点击: )

【知行论坛】

习近平总书记指出,高校立身之本在于立德树人。要把立德树人的成效作为检验学校一切工作的根本标准。人才培养体系涉及学科体系、教学体系、教材体系、管理体系等,而贯通其中的是思想政治工作体系。高校应抓住提高人才培养能力这个关键点,不断创新思想政治工作,推进形成全员全过程全方位的育人格局,切实提高思想政治工作的质量和水平。

以铸魂育人为核心,办好思想政治理论课

幸运农场sixiangzhengzhililunkeshiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwudeguanjiankecheng。banhaosixiangzhengzhililunke,xuzhelizaiyuhaoxinren、jianhaoduiwu、jianghaokechengshangxiagongfu。

幸运农场banhaosizhengkegenbenzaiyuren。woguojiaoyubixupeiyangchuyidaiyouyidaiyonghuzhongguogongchandanglingdaohewoguoshehuizhuyizhidu、lizhiweizhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyefendouzhongshendeyouyongrencai。sixiangzhengzhililunkezerenzhongda,buketidai。banhaosixiangzhengzhililunke,zuigenbendeshiquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jiejuehaopeiyangshenmeren、zenyangpeiyangren、weisheipeiyangrenzheigegenbenwenti。xutongguosizhengkeduixueshengkaizhanxitongdemakesizhuyililunjiaoyu,weixueshengyishengchengzhangdiandingkexuesixiangjichu。jianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhuhunyuren,yindaoxueshengzengqiang“sigeyishi”、jianding“sigezixin”、zuodao“lianggeweihu”。houzhiaiguozhuyiqinghuai,cujinxueshenggengjiashenkelijiedangshi、guoshi、gaigekaifangshiheshehuizhuyifazhanshi,mingquexinshidaiqingnianjianfudelishishiming,zijuejianggerenjiazhishixianrongrushixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdelishijinchengzhong。

幸运农场banhaosizhengkeguanjianzaijiaoshi。xijinpingzongshujizaixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkejiaoshizuotanhuishangduisizhengkejiaoshitichu“liugeyao”deyaoqiu,weiquanmiantishengsizhengkejiaoshiduiwuzhengtishuipingzhiminglefangxiang。yingcujinsizhengkejiaoshizaizhengzhishang、sixiangshang、nenglishangbuduantisheng,tebieshixitongtishengmakesizhuyililungongdi,qieshixueshenxuetou、jiangqingjiangtouxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang。tianjindaxuezuzhisizhengkejiaoshitongguofenzhuantijitibeikefangshijiaqiangjizhongxuexiyantao,cujinjiaoshizaijiangshouguochengzhongzhuiqiushen、jing、shi、xin。

banhaosizhengkejichuzaikecheng。xijinpingzongshujizhichu,tuidongsixiangzhengzhililunkegaigechuangxin,yaobuduanzengqiangsizhengkedesixiangxing、lilunxingheqinheli、zhenduixing。sixiangxingshisizhengkexingyunnongchangdeshouyaoyaoqiu,xujianchi“bagetongyi”deyaoqiu,zaituijinxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangyou“jin”dao“shen”shangzheli,zaijiaocai、jiaofagaigechuangxinshangzheli,yongchedidesixianglilun、tiejinxueshengdefangshifangfahuiyingxueshengdesixiangheshijikunhuo,yongzhenxin、zhenzhi、zhenqingjianghaogemenkecheng,yindaoxueshengkouhaorenshengdiyilikouzi。duiyugaoxiaolaijiang,yingtebiezhuzhongxianxingjiaoyuyuyinxingjiaoyuxiangtongyidewenti,tuijinsizhengkehezhuanyejiaoyudeshenduronghe,cujinsuoyoukechengdetongxiangtongxing、xietongyuren。

以教师队伍为基础,落实全员育人责任

幸运农场gaoxiaojiaoshiyingjianchijiaoyuzhexianshoujiaoyu,nulichengweixianjinsixiangwenhuadechuanbozhe、dangzhizhengdejiandingzhichizhe,genghaochengdanqixueshengjiankangchengzhangzhidaozheheyinlurendezeren。

jianchishidediyibiaozhun。shideshifengshipingjiajiaoshiduiwusuzhidediyibiaozhun,xuchangzhuabuxie,yindaojiaoshijiangjiaoshuyurenyuziwoxiuyangxiangjiehe,zuodaoyidelishen、yidelixue、yideshijiao。genjujiaoshiduiwushiji,buduanwanshanxihuashidepingjiakaohejianduzhidutixi,zuohaojiaoshijiaoyupeixun,jiangshideyaoqiuguanchuanjiaoshifazhandequanguocheng。hongyangyouxiushidewenhua,shenruwajuelaoyibeijiaoshiweirenweishiweixuedeganrenshiji,jiaqiangshenbiandianxingxuanshu,yigaoshangdeshidefengfanyinlingqingnianjiaoshichengzhang,nulixingchengjingyeaishengdenonghoufenwei。tianjindaxuemingquetichuyishidezhiyouchuangtiandazhiyou,lianxu20niankaizhan“jiaoshuyuren、guanliyuren、xingyunnongchangyuren”xianjingeren、woxinmuzhongdehaodaoshi、shijiajiechuqingnianjiaoshidengpingxuan,yongxianleyidapijingyeaishengdexianjindianxing。

幸运农场tishengjiaoshiyurennengli。yurenshiyimenxuewen,jixuyaojiaoyulilundezhidao,yexuyaoshijianjingyandezhicheng。gaoxiaojiaoshidaduoshicongxiaomendaoxiaomen,wanchenghaocongxueshengdaolaoshidezhuanbian,chengweiyiminghaolaoshi,xuyaojingguoxitongdepeiyangheduanlian。yingbajiaoshiyurennenglidepeiyanghetishengbaizaizhongyaoweizhi,rangjiaoshigenghaodandangqixueshengjiankangchengzhangzhidaozheheyinlurendezeren。tianjindaxuejianlilemianxiangjiaoshifazhanguochengdeyurennenglipeiyangtixi,biruduixinruzhijiaoshijianlileyousixiangzhengzhililunjiaoyu、shiqingguoqingdangqingjiaoyu、shideshifengdianxingjiaoyudengzuchengdekechengtixi,zaizhiyechuqifahuilaojiaoshi“chuanbangdai”zuoyong,zhidaohebangzhuqingnianjiaoshijinkuaishixianjiaosezhuanhuan,zaijiaoyujiaoxuefangfadengfangmianshixiankuaisutisheng。

幸运农场mingquequanyuanyurenzeren。quanyuan、quanguocheng、quanfangweiyuren,quanyuanyurenshijichu,ruhejiangquanyuanyurenyaoqiuluoxiluoxiaoluoshi,shimuqiansixiangzhengzhigongzuodezhongdianwenti。qianghuaquanyuandeyurenzerenyishi,rangxingyunnongchangxueshengchengzhangfazhanzuoweimeiyiweijiaozhiyuangongdediyizhize,chengweimeiyiweijiaozhiyuangongdesixianghexingdongzijue。quanyuanyurenzerenshihemeiyigegangweidegongzuoneironghegongzuotedianxixixiangguande,xuzaiqianghuaquanyuanyurendaoxiangdejichushang,fenleiquedingjiaoxue、keyan、guanli、xingyunnongchangdengbutonggangweideyurenzhize,xingchengyurenzhizetixi,xihuachengjutidegongzuorenwuhegongzuoyaoqiu,shizhijuyoukecaozuoxinghekezhixingxing,weibutonggangweiderenyuantigongzuohaoyurengongzuodezhidaoheyiju。

以改革创新为动力,构建协同育人体系

sixiangzhengzhigongzuoshiyixiangxitonggongcheng,shejigaoxiaogongzuogegefangmian。tuidonggaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuogaigechuangxin,yingweiraoxueshengchengzhang,nulizaixietongshangxiagongfu,goujianxietongjizhi,chuangxinyurendezaiti。

weiraoxueshengchengzhang。xijinpingzongshujizhichu,zuohaogaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuo,yaoyinshierhua、yinshierjin、yinshierxin。zaigaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuodeshijianzhong,yingzhudongshenruxuesheng、guanzhuxuesheng,tongxueshengjinxingmianduimianxingyunnongchang,zhenzhenglejiexueshengdesuoxiangsuoxu,bajiejuexueshengchengzhangguochengzhongdeguanxinguanqiezuoweisixiangzhengzhigongzuogaigechuangxindezhelidianhechufadian,jianchiwentidaoxiang,gaigehechuangxinsixiangzhengzhigongzuodefangshihefangfa,tansuoyongxueshengxiaidehuayufangshihehuodongfangshiyindaoheganrantamen,basixiangjiaoyuhejiazhiyinlingguanchuanyuxueshengxuexishenghuodequanguocheng,buduanzengqiangsixiangzhengzhigongzuodezhenduixingheshixiaoxing。

幸运农场goujianxietongjizhi。tuidongsixiangzhengzhijiaoyuyuzhuanyejiaoyuxietong,jiehexuekezhuanyetediantishengsixiangzhengzhijiaoyudezhenduixingheshixiaoxing,qianghuazhuanyejiaoyudeyurengongneng;jiaoxueyukeyandexietong,chongfenfahuigaoshuipingkeyanduigaoshuipingjiaoxuedezhichengzuoyong,tongguokeyanhuanjiepeiyangxueshengdechuangxinjingshen、fendoujingshen;diyiketanghedierketangxietong,zhudongmianxiangxueshengsixiangchengzhangzhongyudaodekunhuohewenti,jijihuiyingxueshengzaixuexishenghuozhongdeguanxinguanqie,fahuishijianyurenzuoyong,jianchijiaoyutongshehuishijianheshengchanlaodongxiangjiehe;xianshangjiaoyuyuxianxiajiaoyuxietong,zhuzhongxinmeitixinjishudeyunyong,rangsixiangzhengzhigongzuodongqilai、huoqilai;xuexiaojiaoyuheziwojiaoyuxietong,xuexiaozaizhuzhongjiaqiangyindaoheguifandejichushang,chongfenfahuixueshengzaiziwoguanli、ziwojiaoyu、ziwoxingyunnongchangzhongdezuoyong。

chuangxinyurenzaiti。shixian“sanquanyuren”,zuizhongyaoluoshidaojutidegongzuozaitishang。yingzhudongchuangxinkechengyuren、keyanyuren、shijianyuren、wenhuayuren、wangluoyuren、xinliyuren、guanliyuren、xingyunnongchangyuren、zizhuyuren、zuzhiyurendezaiti,tuidonggexianggongzuoyurengongnengluodaoshichu。tianjindaxuemuqianzhengzaitongguoxingyunnongchang“kechengsizheng”gaigexiangmu、wangluowenhuapingtaihexinmeitisixiangzhengzhijiaoyujuzhenxingyunnongchang、benkeshengchuangxinchuangxiangdasai、shijianyurengongtongtixingyunnongchang、wenmingxiaoyuanxingyunnongchangdengduogegongzuozaiti,tongguocongsixiang、neironghexingshidengfangmianzheli,xitongtishenggeleiyurenzaitiduixueshengdexiyinli,tishengxueshengcanyudejijixing,zuizhongtishengyurendeshixiao。

以评价机制为导向,探索科学评价方法

sixiangzhengzhigongzuopingjiayaomianxiangxueshengchengzhangdequanguocheng,bawoqingnianchengzhangchengcaideguilv,jiehesixiangzhengzhigongzuodetedian,xingchengmingquedepingjianeironghepingjiatixi,zuodao“xu”gong“shi”zuo,ba“ruanzhibiao”bianwei“yingyueshu”。

bayurenzuoweipingjiadaoxiang。sixiangzhengzhigongzuoconggenbenshangshuoshizuorendegongzuo,bixuweiraoxuesheng、guanzhaoxuesheng、xingyunnongchangxuesheng,buduantigaoxueshengsixiangshuiping、zhengzhijuewu、daodepinzhi、wenhuasuyang,rangxueshengchengweidecaijianbei、quanmianfazhanderencai。sixiangzhengzhigongzuopingjiatixidejianli,yaojinjinweiraopeiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyixingyunnongchangzhehejiebanrenzheiyigenbenrenwu,jianchiyixueshengfazhanweizhongxin,bayurenzuoweigenbendaoxiang。guanzhuxueshengsixiangchengzhang,bajiandingxueshengdelixiangxinnianzuoweisixiangzhengzhigongzuopingjiadeshouyaobiaozhun。guanzhuxueshengchengzhangtiyan,tuchuxueshengzaipingjiazhongdezhutidiwei,baxueshengdeshouhuohetihuizuoweipingjiadezhongyaoyiju。

幸运农场goujianrongrushipingjiatixi。sixiangzhengzhigongzuoyaorongruxueshengchengzhangdeguocheng,cainengtongguoqianyimohua、runwuwushengdefangshiqudezhazhashishidechengxiao,sixiangzhengzhigongzuopingjiayeyaotongzhongxingongzuoyoujironghe,cainengyouxiaofahuipingjiadedaoxiangzuoyong。rongrujiaoyujiaoxuepingjia,jiangxueshengdesixiangzhuangkuang、chengzhangtiyan、xuexishouhuo、zhidaobangfudengnarujiaoyujiaoxuepingguneirong。rongruyiliudaxueheyiliuxuekepingjia,basixiangzhengzhigongzuotixidexingyunnongchang,kaizhansixiangzhengzhigongzuodechengxiaozuoweihengliangbanxueshuipingdezhongyaoneirong,yindaogaoxiaoqieshibazuohaosixiangzhengzhigongzuozuoweibanxuezhixiaodejibengong。rongrujiaoshiduiwudefazhanpingjia,tuchugegegangweiyurenzerenyaoqiu,yindaojiaoshigenghaochengdanqijiaoshuyurendezeren。rongrudangjiangongzuozerentixi,qianghuagejidangzuzhizaisixiangzhengzhigongzuozhongdezhutizerenhedangzuzhishujidediyizeren。

幸运农场tansuoduoweidupingjiafangfa。jianlishiyingsixiangzhengzhigongzuotediandepingjiajizhihepingjiafangfa。tansuoziwopingjiayuwaibupingjiaxiangjiehe,yiziwopingjia、ziwopinggu、ziwozhenduanweizhu,xingchengchangtaihuazerenluoshijizhihejiandufankuijizhi,tuidongsixiangzhengzhigongzuoyugexianggongzuotongbushu、tongluoshi、tongkaohe,tongshi,tongguowaibupingjialaicujinduicunzaiwentidezhenduanhefenxi,cujinchixuxinggaijinhetisheng。tansuodingxingpingjiayudingliangpingjiaxiangjiehe,zhelifahuihulianwang、dashujudengjishuzaisixiangzhengzhigongzuopingjialianghuafenxiguochengzhongdeyunyong,genghaobawoqushixingguilvxingdewenti。tansuozhengtipingjiayugexingpingjiaxiangjiehe,jiyaozhuzhongduigongxingneironghewentidezhengtixingpingjia,youyaozhuzhongjiehexuekezhuanyedetedian、jieheshishengzishendetedianjinxinggexinghuapingjiasheji,yidedaogengjiakexuehezhunquedepanduan。

chuangxingaoxiaosixiangzhengzhigongzuo,guanjianyaozaituidongluoshishangxiagongfu,zuoweijiaoyubu“sanquanyuren”zonghegaigeshidiandanwei,tianjindaxuejiangtuijin“sanquanyuren”zonghegaigezuoweituidongyiliudaxuexingyunnongchangdejichugongcheng,jijitansuojuyoutiandatesedesixiangzhengzhigongzuotixi,nulipeiyangdandangminzufuxingdarendeshidaixinren,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyixingyunnongchangzhehejiebanren。

(作者: 李家俊,系天津大学党委书记)

《光明日报》( 2019年06月28日 06版)

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